“All you do is sit down at a typewriter and bleed», – that’s how Hemingway described his feelings during work. It is hard not to agree with this quote. Writing university research works can hardly be equated with a creation of brilliant novels, but many students feel about the same during their work. To avoid stress due to the preparation of academic texts, it is enough to understand their structure and to know a few secrets. We will tell you about some basic academic writing tips, memorize!
- Correct title. The title should attract the attention of a reader (make them read the text further). It should be interesting, understandable, informative, have a completed thought, and read “at a glance”. The title is the thing that makes someone read a piece of writing; it tells people whether they will get useful (or interesting) information.
- Introduction: keeps reader’s attention and helps prolong the reading. Must contain information about main idea and a summary of their content.
- When writing the main text, one should strictly stick to these principles:
- The article should be written with simple sentences – this information is more accessible to the reader for understanding or memorizing.
- Divide the text into paragraphs. For easy reading, one should use 5-10 sentences in one paragraph.
- Follow the logical sequence. It is important to make transitions from one paragraph to another smoothly without losing the central idea and not forgetting the accents that draw attention to the significant moments.
- In scientific work, one should adhere to the literary language and style, avoiding popular expressions and jargon unless the audience or the type of work requires it.
- Do not overuse the conjunctions “but”, “and”, “well” at the beginning of the sentence.
- Be sure to check the text for any errors.
- The conclusion of any article should be its logical completion and contain the key positions of the composition, which the reader can take on an informative basis.
In general, the structure of the text in an article should be as follows:
- Title – short, concise, informative sentences;
- Introduction – 2-3 sentences on the content, purpose of an article (no more than 10% of the entire composition);
- Main part – The essence of the studied issue is considered in a logical sequence (about 80% of the text).
O conclusion – a few sentences, in which the author sums up the question (at least 10% of the total text).
- Start writing from anywhere. It is okay if you first come up with the last subsection of the second section, gradually, you will still return to the rest of the research.
- Do not be a hermit crab. Use everyone who can help with essay writing – supervisor, friends or parents as guinea pigs; ask them to re-read the already ready sections. Make sure that at least someone understands what you are writing.
We hope that our recommendations will help you to write useful, interesting and informative academic works!